In August 2015, the government and rebels agreed to end fighting and form a transitional government. Previous deals to end the violence have been broken by both sides, compounding the worsening humanitarian crisis. Whether the ceasefire holds or not, underlying factors linger, and will need to be resolved for long-term peace.
Corruption, economic and political challenges such as relations with Sudan need to be tackled. The readiness of sections of the population to turn on one another based on their ethnic identity also needs to be overcome.